7 Areas of the Body where Psoriasis may Show up
Psoriasis is considered to be a dermatosis. When there is a chronic form, the cells are divided tens of times faster than that of a healthy person.
Because of the speed, they do not ripen and the cells lose the contact with each other. Subsequently, there is thickening, plaques and scaling. The disease is rapidly progressing, the skin cells suffer from the cells of the immune system. In this process the disease becomes chronic with an autoimmune inflammation.
Psoriasis on the body has begun to occur frequently, but you do not need to despair because it is possible to alleviate the situation. Defining the typology and methods of fighting psoriasis always becomes a challenge for doctors, as every person experiences this disease in different ways, individually.
As a rule, you can establish a diagnosis after the diagnosis of psoriasis manifestations based on the area of a human body where psoriasis is located. The location of psoriasis can be in different and in several areas at once ranging from the scalp, the fingernails, the toenails, the face and ending with the other parts of the body.
You think that psoriasis is very easy to determine - you will immediately see when it appears, isn't it? But psoriasis does not always look the same and does not show up in the same areas. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, about 7.5 million people in the US suffer from psoriasis. Outbreaks are accompanied by the appearance of red, itchy scaly patches on the skin. So, wherever there is skin, psoriasis may appear. Michael Siegel, Ph.D., vice president of research programs at the National Psoriasis Foundation, confirms that psoriasis can occur anywhere - on the eyelids, ears, mouth and lips, in the folds of the skin of the hands and legs, and even on the nails. The skin on each of these sites is different and it requires different methods of treatment.
Dr. Cynthia Bailey, diplomat of the American Council of Dermatology, president and CEO of Advanced Skin Care and Dermatology says that psoriasis can completely change a person's life: "There are young women among my patients who have only a few spots on their legs, but they will not wear shorts or skirts because they feel uncomfortable because of this. They say people think they are contagious."
On the note, psoriasis is not contagious - this disease is caused by the combination of genetics and environmental triggers, such as stress, sunburn, allergies, diet, certain medications, and even of the weather.
There are different types of psoriasis and although it may appear on any part of your body, there are certain areas where it appears more often.
Here are the most common areas of the body where psoriasis may show up, as well as what should be paid attention to in each case:
The Elbows and Knees
Psoriasis most often manifests itself on the elbows and knees, and often in the form of plaques. This is a type of the disease, which appears in the form of swollen red spots covered with silver-white blood of dead skin cells. The condition is often accompanied by itching and pain and plaques can crack and bleed.
The Skin of the Head and Neck
On the head the psoriatic lesions can be localized in the following places:
- on the parting of the scalp;
- on the skin above and behind the ears;
- in the nape of the neck, in the back of the neck, and also on the forehead.
Initially, psoriasis manifests itself in the form of papules of pinkish color having a rounded shape and covered with scales. Such papules are capable of peripheral growth and the formation of specific plaques.
At the initial stages of psoriasis, severe symptoms are usually not observed. Over time, a slight peeling appears, which is accompanied by itching and irritation of the skin. In the future, the inflammatory process joins the existing symptoms and irritation and itching become more visible. At this stage patients begin to intensively comb the scalp, which leads to cracks, wounds and abrasions. The disease progresses, large plaques appear and the skin on the lesion becomes thick and rough. Combing the scalp with a comb injures the skin, which only aggravates the disease with the formation of a moist shiny surface. If the lesion is injured further, small bleeding sites will appear.
Psoriasis on the face is quite common. This form of psoriasis usually affects the eyebrows, the skin on the bridge of the nose and above the upper lip, the upper forehead, and the hairline. It should be noted that this type of psoriasis should be treated with extreme caution because the skin in this area is very sensitive.
The Hands and Legs
Psoriasis can develop on the palms and feet called palmoplantar psoriasis. The skin in these areas becomes scaly, cracked and red and sometimes bubbles appear. All this causes painful sensations.
Psoriasis can also affect the nails, where it causes yellowish discoloration and can even remove the nail plate. People who are not dermatologists can confuse it with a fungal infection, but professionals will discover the differences. It is important to note that nail changes occur in 50 percent of people with psoriasis.
Unfortunately, even the genitals are not immune from psoriasis. Genital psoriasis looks like psoriasis, which manifests itself on the other parts of your body, but psoriasis, which appears in the folds of the skin (for example, in the groin), often seems smooth and shiny, and is usually not covered with scales as in case of plaque psoriasis.
The Folds of the Skin (buttocks, armpits, chest)
This type of psoriasis is known as inverse psoriasis and it often manifests itself as red lesions that can appear behind the knee, under the armpits or even in the folds of the buttocks. It can also appear under the breast and the condition is aggravated by irritation from friction and sweating
Here are a few important recommendations:
- Try not to allow infection with infectious diseases, try to take influenza vaccines to strengthen your resistance to infection.
- Do not supercool the body fully, especially pay attention to the hypothermia of the extremities.
- Try to avoid direct sunlight on the skin during the peak sun intensity hours (from 12-00 to 15-00)
- Keep a sparing diet, give up alcohol and smoking. Drink more liquid (pure water), monitor the work of the intestines and stomach.
- Necessarily take regular stool tests, as it is proved that the toxic substances released by parasites not only poison the body, but also contribute to the infection of many serious diseases, including psoriasis.
If you suspect that you have psoriasis, consult a dermatologist
Although psoriasis is a lifelong disease, there are various treatment options, including creams and lotions for lighter cases, and biological immunomodulatory medications that alter the immune system reactions leading to psoriasis and eliminate inflammation for more severe cases.
Regardless of where and to what extent psoriasis appears, it should be treated properly. The treatment of psoriasis can significantly improve the patient's quality of life.
It is impossible to prescribe treatment to yourself, for each person it is individual. It is determined by a doctor who also takes into account the concomitant diseases. The main goal is to prevent the development of the pathology, therefore, psoriasis is treated externally. If the therapy is carried out regularly, the disease does not manifest itself for a long time.
Diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis are performed by qualified specialists at the St. Mary's Medical Center. Hurry to sign up or contact us as soon as possible to get rid of psoriasis.